Amalima is the Ndebele word for the social contract by which families come together to help each other engage in productive activities such as land cultivation, livestock tending, asset building and their own development.

Amalima is a 7-year, $48,394,705 million, USAID Food for Peace-funded project in Tsholotsho, Gwanda, Bulilima, and Mangwe. The project promotes resilience and food and nutrition security for 114,466 households in four rural districts of the Matabeleland region in southern Zimbabwe.

The program seeks to achieve three strategic objectives:


Improved Household access to and availability of food


Improved Community resilience to shocks


Improved Nutrition and health among pregnant and lactating women (PLW); and boys and girls under 2

The project is implemented by CNFA as the prime implementer, ORAP, Dabane Trust, International Medical Corps (IMC), AfriCare, and the Manoff Group.

CNFA serves as technical lead for SO1 and SO2, working with local partners and counterparts, to improve crop and livestock production and marketing.

IMC specializes in health and nutrition and leads the first 1,000 days approach. Leading implementation of SO3, IMC leads WASH promotion and nutrition education, particularly for households with PLWs and children under two.

Africare, an international NGO that builds sustainable healthy and productive communities implements natural resource management (NRM) and disaster risk reduction (DRR) activities under SO1.

The Manoff Group is an international organization that provides development assistance in communications and behavior-centered programming in nutrition and child and maternal health to development programs. Under Amalima, the Manoff Group implements social and behavior change (SBC) and nutrition activities under SO3 and uses SBC to promote and include agricultural activities.

ORAP is a Zimbabwean grassroots organization with significant food security programming experience and deep ties to communities in Matabeleland North and South through its rural village association membership network. In Amalima, it is responsible for community mobilization and field-level technical assistance, and ration distribution to households with PLWs and children under two.

Dabane Trust is a leading NGO in the development of sustainable water supply systems in arid environments and provides specialized support to the project in the development of community-managed water supply systems.

Amalima utilizes a first 1,000 days approach specifically targeting pregnant and lactating women and children under two years of age. Amalima provides a ration of CSB+ and fortified vegetable oil to this target population. More broadly, the program targets poor and vulnerable households with a variety of interventions to promote food security and resilience, including cash for assets activities, agriculture and livelihoods support, household asset vouchers, village savings and lending groups, water access, and health and nutrition promotion activities.

The program addresses the areas of gender, youth, and social dynamics through an adaptive management and learning approach, adjusting strategies and program activities over the course of implementation to promote transformative gender empowerment and youth engagement. In FY19, over 67% of Amalima project participants were women.

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