LADA is a four-year, $19.3 million USAID-funded project that aims to improve the agricultural development and food security initiatives at the community- and national-level in Liberia. The LADA project aims to strengthen “aggregation clusters” through facilitating business relationships that link suppliers, producers, processors, buyers, and investors so that all actors along the value chain can benefit from sustainable growth. The goal of LADA is to increase the incomes of smallholder farmers through increased private sector investment in the Liberian agribusiness sector. To achieve this goal, CNFA will improve access to finance, quality inputs, mechanization, agricultural advice, and market linkages so that Liberian smallholder farmers can increase their production and participation in the market, using a value chain approach.
Risks are inevitably present with the use of pesticides and similar chemicals used for agricultural crop and livestock production and processing. In addition to required compliance, the PERSUAP provides project implementers with the most common risks likely to be encountered. It contains or references recommended mitigation measures and international best practices to reduce each risk. Beyond compliance, this document offers best practices and helps ensure that projects reduce the chances for errors and liability. Before errors (such as human poisonings) occur, it is the responsibility of USAID project implementers to put these mitigation recommendations into action. Implementers will then monitor changes in risks, impacts and mitigation success using EMMPs (Environmental Mitigation and Monitoring Plans). LADA has included aquaculture as part of LADA’s value chain activity. Activities under this value chain was not covered by the IEE, therefore, no such new activity shall be undertaken prior to formal approval of this amendment. The aquaculture value chain will focus on the production fish meal, oil, and feed from marine by-catch and processing by-product. Such activity has adverse impacts on the environment and will need the necessary mitigation measures to address such impact.
CNFA is required to make an amendment to its current Initial Environmental Examination (IEE), establishing IEE conditions under the aquaculture value chain and the necessary mitigation measures associated with such activity. CNFA is also required to prepare an Environmental Mitigation and Monitoring Plan, based on the proposed activities and the findings in the Initial Environmental Examination (IEE), and a Pesticide Evaluation Report and Safe Use and Action Plan (PERSUAP). The PERSUAP evaluates background and risks across the inputs sectors in Liberia, including treatment of seed, field crops, greenhouse crops, and livestock as well as processing. It promotes the use of preventive and curative Integrated Pest Management (IPM) and Good Agriculture Practices (GAPs). It analyzes pesticide active ingredients registered for use in Liberia and recommends against use of pesticides containing active ingredients that are: Not EPA-registered, Restricted Use Pesticides (RUPs), Class I, Known Carcinogens, and Known Water Pollutants.
The objective of this assignment is to make amendments to CNFA’s current IEE, establishing IEE conditions under the Aquaculture value chain and mitigation measures to be included in the EMMP, develop LADA Environmental Mitigation and Monitoring Plan and to complete a Pesticide Evaluation Report and Safe Use and Action Plan (PERSUAP). The goal of this PERSUAP is to bring the LADA activity into compliance with USAID’s environmental regulations (22 CFR 216) on pesticide use. The PERSUAP developed under this scope of work is expected to be applicable to other CNFA/ Liberia projects that may be involved with pesticide recommendations, distribution or sale.
The PERSUAP will identify available pesticides and their applicability to the current crop regimes in Liberia, as well as provide recommendations and information about their handling, use and disposal. There are three specific objectives for this assignment:
Objective 1. Make amendment to current IEE
· Establish IEE conditions and mitigation measures for aquaculture activities for USAID review and approval
Objective 2. Develop Environmental Mitigation and Monitoring Plan (EMMP)
· Design procedures for Environmental Due Diligence (EDD) to be carried out at sites or facilities of organizations identified as potential recipients for support under LADA in order to document any potential environmental concerns and integrate any environment-related liability into final planning documents. The EDD must include any cover design work and other engineering studies in support of post-harvest investments in equipment or infrastructure.
· Design procedures and questionnaire for Cleaner Production and Pollution Prevention (CP/P2) Assessments that may need to be conducted in case production and processing facilities receive project support in order to upgrade production quality to meet domestic and export market requirements.
· Identify and describe the actions required to address all IEE conditions pertaining to LADA activities for inclusion in the project work plan.
· Provide technical feedback on the Year 2 Work Plan narrative, in particular on sections where IEE conditions are integrated, including assigned staff member and the necessary actions required by activity to ensure minimal adverse impacts to the environment.
Objective 3. Revise and update a Pesticide Evaluation Report (PER). The (PER) section addresses the 12 informational elements required in USAID’s Pesticide Procedures, which include:
· USEPA registration status of the proposed pesticide
· Basis for selection of the pesticide
· Extent to which the proposed pesticide use is, or could be, part of an IPM program
· Proposed method or methods of application, including the availability of application and safety equipment
· Any acute and long-term toxicological hazards, either human or environmental, associated with the proposed use, and measures available to minimize such hazards
· Effectiveness of the requested pesticide for the proposed use
· Compatibility of the proposed pesticide use with target and non-target ecosystems
· Conditions under which the pesticide is to be used, including climate, flora, fauna, geography, hydrology, and soils
· Availability of other pesticides or non-chemical control methods
· Host country’s ability to regulate or control the distribution, storage, use, and disposal of the requested pesticide
· Provision for training of users and applicators
· Provision made for monitoring the use and effectiveness of this pesticide
Objective 4. Complete a Safer Use Action Plan (SUAP). The SUAP puts the conclusions reached in the PER into a plan of action, including assignment of responsibility to appropriate parties connected with USAID project pesticide activities.
Period of Performance: ASAP – 15-20 days of LOE anticipated
- An outline for an EMMP and PERSUAP
- Amendment to current IEE, establishing IEE conditions under the aquaculture value chain
- Draft EMMP and PERSUAP for USAID review and comment
- Final EMMP and PERSUAP for USAID approval
We are seeking to fill this position immediately and will be interviewing qualified candidates on a rolling basis.