Team: Programs | Commitment: Consultant | Location: Pakistan
STTA: Horticulture IPM Specialist
CNFA-PATTA/ Project AID-391-C-17- 00004
Integrated Pest Management (IPM)
Horticulture IPM Specialist
Chief of Party and Crop Technology Specialist
Place of Performance
Islamabad, Lahore, Karachi, and other travel to Farm Service Centers in PATTA project designated area
23 days, including 2 international travel days, 18 days in country and 3 days for report preparation
Estimated Overall Contract Period of Performance
April 22- May 31, 2018 (for overall assignment, including travel and report production)
Outdated and ineffective agricultural technologies are among the leading causes for Pakistan’s agricultural productivity falling short of its potential. Scaling up the production, distribution, and adoption of agricultural technologies in Pakistan is made challenging by lack of information, difficulty in accessing credit, a wide dispersion of smallholders, and diverse of challenges facing marginalized subsets of smallholder farmers – such as women.
PATTA will bring to scale private sector solutions to improve agricultural productivity in Pakistan through a four-year activity. PATTA will partner with agricultural technology companies to commercialize products and services with the potential to increase the productivity and competitiveness of smallholder farmers while mobilizing private sector investment in agricultural technology. PATTA’s partnership will provide smallholder farmers with boarder access to affordable technologies to increase productivity, build resilience to climate change and reduce postharvest losses. In so doing, PATTA expects to achieve the following results:
· Increase smallholder farmer access to affordable, appropriate and effective agricultural technologies;
· Enable agricultural technology-related businesses to expand and adapt their products and services to meet smallholders needs;
· Scale up the adoption and use of agricultural technologies.
The horticulture sector contributes to about 12% of Pakistan’s GDP and provides employment and incomes to several actors along related value chains. An estimated 13.67% of Million Metric Tons (MMT) of horticultural products are grown annually, with post-harvest losses averaging about 25%. Only 4% of annual horticultural production is exported, garnering less than 50% of average world prices due to both inferior quality of produce and sales in low-value markets.
To meet domestic and export demand for horticultural products (inclusive of fruits and vegetables), chemical controls or applications – such as pesticides, herbicides and fungicides – are other major inputs which play a crucial role in ensuring crop productivity and quality. Barring environmental issues and residual effects hazardous to human health, the cost-benefit ratio for the use of chemicals would ultimately dictate that farmers use them. Pakistan imports generic as well as branded chemicals – mostly in form of concentrates – worth billions of rupees every year. Excessive use of chemicals increases the immunity of pests to future treatments, introduces elements toxic to ecosystems, and creates hazards to users (farmer or laborers) and anyone (human or animal) who consumes or comes into contact with these contaminants. In the US, herbicides constitute 85% of total use of chemical controls, whereas in Pakistan pesticide use – specifically insecticide – ranks at 85% of total use of chemical controls. Around 60-65% of insecticide in Pakistan is used only for cotton, followed by 7% for paddy, 4% used for cereals and 2% used for sugar cane. Meanwhile, herbicide usage in Pakistan only amounts to approximately 10% of total use of chemical controls.
STTA Objective and Scope:
As part of PATTA’s integrated strategy, awareness of best practices in IPM technologies and applications will help reduce the cost of production, improve the quality of products and support the area’s natural biosphere. PATTA is seeking an International Horticulture/Entomologist/Plant Protection Specialist (specialization in IPM) to conduct a situational analy-sis of the horticulture sector. The analysis should focus on current IPM techniques and safe practices in collaboration with supply-side companies (SSPs) and farm service centers. This will complement USAID environmental compliance regulations and the PATTA Pesticide Evaluation Report and Safe Use Action Plan (PERSUAP).
· Develop illustrative training materials & tools to guide the (SSPs) in formulating IPM approaches including but not limited to biological controls for pest and disease management for their clients (Dealers and farmers).
· Develop a one day comprehensive IPM training program for SSPs and Farm Service Center (FSCs)
· Build the capacity of the DSPs and Private extension agents of SPPs on IPM theory and practical application. The training should be highly participatory and engaging including role plays and group discussion.
· Design simple tools to guide the development of pest and disease management plans/programs by SSPs in context of smallholder farmers
The consultant’s tasks will include, but not be limited to:
· Demonstration of hands-on training and technical assistance for use of various techniques to identify, control and mitigate the pest attack on vegetables under controlled and open field conditions.
· Developing and conducting capacity building sessions to guide identified stakeholders in the importance of integrated pest management and suggest improved technologies/techniques based on the situational analysis, including tools and equipment as cost-effective measures in IPM.
· Designing a quick-reference poster illustrating the most common pest types (insects & diseases) for horticulture crops in Pakistan, along with preventive measures.
· Assessment of current pest management practices in context of smallholder farmers
· Identifying IPM technologies being used in other countries (i.e. “Release of Insects carrying a Dominant Lethal”, or RIDL) that could be relevant to control mosquito, fruity fly and pink bollworm issues in Pakistan.
· Conducting capacity building sessions in PATTA-designated areas, which should include a focus on the following:
o Preventive techniques such as cultural practices, proper planting and selecting resistant/tolerant varieties to avoid pest infestation.
o Techniques used to identify economical pest threshold levels and pest scouting techniques that will result in cost-effective and food-safe products that meet international and national requirements.
o Understand the need and application of Integrated Pest Management.
o How to monitor and identify target pests in horticulture crops, under both field and controlled conditions.
o How to reduce chemical usage and promote mechanical and cultural practices for controlling pests.
o Appropriate actions to be taken in the event the pest threshold level exceeds the established economical limit.
o Creating a record of inputs and production.
o Demonstration of a computer-based program system for daily, monthly and annual recording of pest activity and trend analysis.
1. Work plan with methodology
· Develop detailed work plan and a brief suggested methodology during the period of assignment to the PATTA technical team and COP in accordance with USAID approved PERSUAP regulations.
2. Report detailing initial assessment of current Pest Management Practices
· Review of current practices in pest management;
· Identification of threshold level of economically viable pest control measures;
· Generate understanding of the need for and application of Integrated Pest Management;
3. Toolkit of training modules, manuals & tools for IPM
· Design appropriate modules and guidelines for IPM technologies.
· Conduct a training needs assessment regarding safe use of pesticides and IPM for FSCs.
4. Completion of agreed-upon capacity development sessions and trainings
· Conduct capacity development session along with hands-on training of trainers (private extension agents of supply side partners, office bearers of Farm Service Centers and individuals affiliated with demand-side dealer networks);
· Apply participatory approaches, including roleplaying, group discussions and problem-solving techniques.
5. Final Report and Guidelines
· Develop guidelines for new IPM technologies from other countries outlining the awareness campaign and adoption of those technologies;
· Provide details on up-to-date, advanced techniques, tools and practices for IPM which have been adapted globally.
- Master degree in the field of Agriculture, Horticulture, Entomology, or a related field, with more than 15 years of professional experience in conducting value chain and extension and outreach.
- Experience working with USAID-funded projects, with a focus on the agribusiness and agriculture sector.
- Experience conducting assessments and research studies in agriculture, value chain analysis and financial analysis.
- Excellent computer skills (word processing, Excel and PowerPoint).
- Excellent report writing skills and a proven track record of generating baseline assessments, research and other reports for donors.
- Experience working in complex environments, with strong interpersonal skills and good ability to communicate in English, both verbally and through writing.